Sometimes I wonder how many golfers know the terminology of the game, such as birdie and bogey or address and alignment. It’s not difficult, really. But it may require that a golfing buddy decipher what the terms mean for the rank beginner. Without that knowledge you can still swing a club and count your strokes on each hole. But you won’t have the understanding of what your pal or pro is trying to tell you about changes in the swing that you may need to know, about the rules that govern the game or about etiquette on the golf course. Here are some terms or words I offer as a quick primer: Address: That is the position of the body as you stand over the ball. Generally, that means the right side and shoulder are set lower than the left. Alignment: This refers to the position of the feet, hips and shoulders in relation to the line on which you intend to hit the ball. A closed alignment has the feet, hips and shoulder aiming slightly to the right, while an open stance has the feet, hips and shoulder pointing a little to left. Arc: The route of the extension away from the body of a swing. Blade: The face of an iron club, especially those that have few, if any, of the characteristics of “forgiving” clubheads. Block: That means leaving the clubhead open at impact, which will result in a shot that flies to the right of your target. Chip: A short, low and running shot toward the hole from immediately around the green. Come off the ball: To prematurely move away or raise the body during the downswing. The result generally is a slice or a left-to-right flight of the ball. Draw: A shot that bends from right to left. If it is a big bend, it is called a hook. Fade: A shot that flies from left to right. An exaggerated fade is called a slice. Hybrids: These clubs have the appearance of fairway metals, but have the lofts of 5, 4, 3 and 2 irons. Irons: Metal clubs that are used for shorter shots, such as wedges and the 9, 8 and 7 irons. Middle irons are the 6 and 5. Long irons are the 4, 3 and 2, although few players today carry 2 irons. Lie: The position of the ball hit into the fairway, rough or bunker. A ball should be played as it lies, unless winter rules are in effect that allow the ball to be moved to an improved lie. O.B.: An area around the golf course (and occasionally inside the course) in which a ball is considered out of bounds. It will be marked by stakes or wire fences. An out-of-bound shot results in a one-stroke penalty and loss of distance. The third shot must be played from the spot where the original shot was made. Stay behind the ball: This term describes the correct position of your head and body during the downswing through impact with the ball. You’ll probably hear your buddies saying “Keep your head down” when they should be telling you to “Stay behind the ball” through impact. Water hazard: A pond or lake on the golf course. To hit into such a hazard carries a one-shot penalty. The glossary of golf is lengthy. My suggestion is once you have decided to take up the game, read or at least take a glance at the rule book Ask your golfing pals about them. Better yet, take your questions to a professional. He not only can give you the correct answers, but is available to help you with your swing problems. MGA junior tourneys The Missouri Golf Association has a four-tournament series scheduled in June, July and August for junior golfers. According to Mike Wheeler, Missouri Southern State University golf coach and director of the Joplin Golf Foundation’s popular summer junior golf program, the Missouri Junior Match Play tournament will kick off the MGA’s season for young golfers. It is scheduled June 13-16 at Meadow Lake Acres Country Club in New Bloomfield. Next will come the Missouri Junior Amateur on July 9-10 at Paradise Point Golf Club in Smithville. The Ken Lanning Championship, which is named for the individual who launched a junior golf tour in Missouri, is scheduled July 18-19 at Oak Meadow Country Club in Rolla. Parents can go on the Internet to the Ken Lanning Junior Championship home site or the Missouri Golf Association’s junior golf program to get details on these tournaments. This could give your budding young golfer a taste of statewide competition. The final event on the calendar is the Missouri Junior Collegiate Preview Invitational Tournament. It will be played Aug. 11-13 at Jefferson City Country Club, home of some of the fastest greens this writer ever played. Carthage events Several tournaments have been added to the 2012 calendar of events at the Carthage Municipal Golf Course. The Carthage High School Sonic Invitational is set for April 26, with the MSHAA district scheduled on April 23 and the Carthage High School Girls Taco Town Invitational on Aug. 27. The Stix on Route 66 Couples will be played Aug. 18-19. Other events added to the calendar: The Carthage Junior Championship, June 28; Red, White and Boom 3-person scramble, July 4; and the Joplin Basketball Officials Association and Southwest Missouri Coaches tournament, July 7.