Golf Club Basics:
With golf clubs, the number of the club represents the loft of the club. The loft of a golf club is the angle of the clubface that controls trajectory and affects distance. The lower the number of the club, the lower the loft and the longer the club is. The lower loft and longer club results in a greater distance with less accuracy.
A set of golf clubs usually contains no more than 14 clubs. Sets can differ depending on your preferences. In general, a set of golf clubs will usually include Irons (3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, PW), Woods (1 [driver], 3, 5) and a Putter.
The lie is the angle from the shaft of the club to the ground line when measured. The hosel of a club is the entry point of the shaft into the head of the club. Adjusting the hosel, or the angle the hosel forms with the rest of the club head, can fit each players physical characteristics (height etc.). That is to say, your physical characteristics should determine the angle of the hosel.
Shorter players generally prefer a flatter lie because their arms will be closer to the ground. Taller players generally prefer a more upright lie because their arms and torso are higher up.
The shaft flex refers to the stiffness of the shaft. Different clubs have different degrees of flex. Generally, the stronger a golfer is, the stiffer the shaft should be. If a shaft is too flexible, it is very hard for the player to control the direction of the ball because the bend in the shaft is where most of the power is generated. The stiffer the flex of the club shaft, the more accurate the shot will be. In addition, a stiffer shaft will hit a shorter distance.
General Swinging tips:
On your backswing, you should bring the club smoothly away from the ball by rotating your body while moving your arms upward. Your front arm should be straight, and your back arm should be bent at about 90 degrees. Keep your head level. With your feet steady on the ground, shift your weight in the direction of the swing, and then cock your hands as you move the club upward. The back of your front hand should be facing away from you.
Begin your downswing by moving your hips and legs forward. Transfer your weight toward the target. Move the club forward in a smooth and swift motion in the same path as that of the backswing.
On impact, transfer weight to the outer edge of your forward foot and the inner edge of your back foot. The club should be in a straight line with your forward arm. With your clubface facing the target, strike the ball quickly.
Follow through by continuing to move the club forward, and bring the club all the way around so that the head of the club is behind you. Your body should be facing the target.
Tips on how to swing different golf clubs: